Aristotle ( 384-322 BC) :
- Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath (a person of wide knowledge and learning) during the Classical period (Classical Greece was a period of around 200 years (the 5th and 4th centuries BC) in Ancient Greece.
2. He was born in 384 BC His father was a physician to the king of Macedonia.
3. When he was seven years old he went for studies at Plato`s Academy.
4. He was considered one of the best students of Plato. He began as a student, became a researcher and finally a teacher.
5. Plato died and desired that his academy to be run by his nephew. After his teacher death, he left the Plato academy and laid the foundation of his own academy as Lyceum.
6. He was a pupil of Plato and teacher of Alexnder the great.
7. His school name was Lyceum.
8. He was against the teaching of his teacher Plato.
9. He was realistic in believing that only real things are objects, not ideas.
10. He was against the fact that there is any God and another life after death. All those things which are invisible like God, heavens are just imagination of men and are not accepted.
11. That Knowledge is real which is acquired through our senses.
12. The things which are visible are the real things and which are not visible are imaginary.
13. Universe is changing all the time so change is the real thing.
14. All the physical phenomena’s are controlled by the laws of nature.
15. Laws of nature are part of the vast plan of nature.
Aristotle Philosophy Of Education:
- To make the present life happy and successful.
2. Scientific methods should be followed in education.
3. He was in favour of experimentation and observation.
4. There should be vocational training in schools.
5. The natural and time-oriented subjects should be thought in school. Instead of teaching subjects like history, literature students should be taught subjects like physics, biology, music, dance and astronomy.
6. Teacher should have a good command over his/her subject. Students should be given freedom up to a certain limit.
7. He believed that man is a rational animal while animals express pleasure or pain with their cries, Man and only man is able to speak and the ability to speak allows man to able to determine between right and wrong.